Mr. Toshiyui Shikata：After graduating from Kyoto University faculty of law and Harvard Kennedy School, Mr. Toshiyuki Shikata entered the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1986. He is one of the directors of KIP, and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Asia Pacific Bureau.
At first, Mr. Shikata told us Japan-China relations, Taiwan, Korean situation, Japan-US relations. He gave us the lecture in the relationship between Japan and China, through the contents of the Japan-China summit held in September last year, we learned about five areas of cooperation and three common issues. I was impressed by his word that it is important how to manage his troubles of international relations.
Then, he taught us Japan-US relations, Abe and President Trump are currently intimate, especially working together on North Korea issues. In addition, Ms. Yamamoto who is Assistant to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Asia Pacific Bureau also told us about Asia framework centered on ASEAN, challenges of each country and relations with Japan.
〈Q&A〉 Q1 Why is China's economic sanctions against North Korea inadequate, in contrast to Japan and the US preparing sanctions? A1 China is concerned that North Korea will collapse and refugees will come to China in large quantities. China wants a dialogue between the US and North Korea. Q2 What is the common philosophy of ASEAN that was in the lecture of Mr. Yamamoto? A2 Japan is promoting the protection of freedom, democracy and human rights. And Japan is supporting in line with their philosophy.
〈Discussion〉 After that, we had a group discussion on“Should Japan participate in Belt and Road?”. The conclusions of discussion by each group were considerably diversified, and there was a difference in what way to participate in the opinions that should be involved. There were opinions in groups which think Japan should participate it that Japan would be isolated if we did not participate it, we could cooperate with China, and competitive involvement is necessary to expand the market. There were opinions of groups who said that it should not be involved, coordination with China has a danger of harming relations with the US, and differences in political philosophy are too great, and so on.
Finally, I would like to express our gratitude to Mr. Shikata and Ms. Yamamoto for taking time to speak to us.